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1 G. D. Tiri, E. A. Ojoko and A. Aruwayo 2014-07-07 Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (GESS) and the Challenges of food security in Nigeria: A Review ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science Vol. 9, No. 7 226 – 232 Considering the fact that Nigeria’s food insecurity status keeps increasing and with the recent estimates which puts the number of hungry people in Nigeria at over 13 million out of 842 million hungry people worldwide, This paper highlights the Growth Enhancement Support Scheme (GESS) of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda of the present administration viz a viz the food security situation of the country using relevant information and data collected from the internet, literatures, dailies, libraries, relevant federal ministries, National Bureau of Statistics and Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). The findings revealed that Growth Enhancement Support Scheme is an innovative approach to fertilizer subsidy and other input administration through electronic system that ensures that only registered farmers benefit through engagement of the private sector in the delivery and distribution of fertilizer and other input directly to the farmers. Analyses of the Nigerian government effort in tackling food insecurity and the prospects of Growth Enhancement Support Scheme have also been highlighted. Resistance of bureaucrats to change, over dependence on foreign institutions, low technical capacity of farmers and downgrading of National Research Institutes and Universities research findings are the major challenges of the scheme. To sustain this laudable effort of government, this paper recommended an enabling legislation backing the scheme, review of the traditional land tenure system that hinders the acquisition of land for farming, increase government expenditure on agriculture and continuity of the programme without misplacing its priority. These are key issues that will bring about the success of the scheme for the attainment of food security in Nigeria.
2 Ojoko Emmanuel Ada, Adejumo Oyeronke, Adekanye James Odunayo, Victor Olusegun Okoruwa and Ogheneruemu Obi-Egbedi 2014-11-30 Trade Openness and Inflation in Nigerian Economy: A Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) Approach Research Journal of Finance and Accounting. ISSN 2222-2847 (Online) Vol.5, No.21 74 – 85 Trade between countries of the world is a vital economic index to be considered. Opening up the economy of a country will not only improve the trade of such a country, but will also affect its inflation rate, which is an important factor for policy decision makers. This study therefore used the VECM approach to investigate the effect of trade openness on the inflation of the Nigerian economy using annual data from 1970 to 2010. A multivariate cointegration test developed by Johansen was used to determine the existence of a long-run relationship among the variables. The results indicate two cointegrating equations at 5% level of significance and one cointegrating equation at 1% level. With the existence of at least one cointegrating vector, the VEC model was applied, which indicates a negative relationship between inflation and trade openness (-1.58) for the Nigerian economy, while the coefficient of the Error Correction Term (-0.91) of the model was significant and negative, which imply that the system corrects its previous period disequilibrium at a speed of approximately 91 percent annually. The results of the Impulse-Response Function (IRF) indicate that the response of inflation to openness shock was significant and positive for only two periods, but negative after the second period and all through the rest of the periods, thereby validating the negative relationship between inflation and trade openness in Nigerian economy.
3 O.A. Adejumo, E.A. Ojoko and S.A. Yusuf 2014-12-31 Factors Influencing Choice of Pesticides Used by Grain Farmers in Southwest Nigeria Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. ISSN 2225-093X (Online) Vol. 4, No. 28 31-38 Pesticide use in agriculture has caused a lot of rising concerns about the safety of residues in food and water, as well as other potential health and environmental risks. There is need therefore to determine the factors that influence farmers’ choice of pesticides for post-harvest grain storage. This study therefore examines the factors influencing the choice of pesticides used by grain farmers in South-Western, Nigeria. Data for this study were collected using multi-stage sampling techniques and a total number of 192 respondents were sampled. The tools used for analysis include descriptive statistics (used to profile the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents) and probit model (used to determine the factors influencing the choice of pesticides by the grain farmers). Results from this research indicates that majority (69.79%) of the grain farmers had formal education, with above 10 years of farming experience (96.88%) and within the age bracket of 30 years and above (95.83%). The probit results also shows that the age of household head, education, farming experience, price of grains and quantity of grains consumed were significant factors that influences the choice of pesticides used by the grain farmers in the study area. It was recommended that farmers should be educated on the use of pesticides to avoid hazards.
4 Ojoko E.A., V.O. Okoruwa and Aliou Daigne 2009-07-01 Estimates and Projections of Rice Demand and Supply in Nigeria (1970-2030) International Journal of Agriculture, Economics and Extension Vol. 1, No. 1 58 – 69 This article analyzes the trend of demand and supply of rice commodity in Nigeria, in order to make estimates and forecast for future consumption and production. Time series data for a period of thirty-six years (1970-2005) was collected from secondary sources and the analytical tools used include descriptive statistics, Ordinary Least Square regression model, Simple Growth rate model for demand and supply and elasticity model. Results indicate that Nigeria’s self-sufficiency level decreased from about 79% during the Pre-SAP period (1970-1984) to about 45% during the Post-SAP period. The trend in rice production in Nigeria had been on the increase, but at a very slow pace. While the trend of rice importation and consumption had been on a steady increase since the Pre-SAP era till date. The demand for rice commodity in Nigeria is own price inelastic, demand inelastic with respect to income (necessity commodity), but highly price elastic with respect to supply of local rice in Nigeria. The demand and supply projections indicates that the quantity of rice commodity demanded in Nigeria would increase from 10.7 million metric tonnes in the year 2005 to 27.4 million metric tonnes in 2030, while the supply of rice is projected to increase from 5.7 million metric tonnes in 2005 to 8.6 million metric tonnes (2030). This projected wide gap between demand and supply of rice commodity in Nigeria calls for prompt policy measures that must be implemented to avoid the envisaged food insecurity crises in the future.